One of the main aims of the SAFE Information research is to develop rich models for structured information, in order to enhance information integration and decision making in Crisis Information Management Systems (CIMS). SAFE Information researchers are actively involved in publishing and standardising a variety of information models for the emergency sector, including models for resource messaging and cyclone and tsunami warnings.
Open standards are one of the most crucial elements in enabling interoperability and widespread adoption of CIMS software. SAFE Information contributes to the standardisation activities of the W3C and OASIS Emergency Management Technical Committee, and also collaborates with organisations such as the Pacific Disaster Center and to promote standards development and adoption. Further information about the main activities of SAFE Information in relation to standardisation and information modelling can be found below.
The W3C Emergency Information Interoperability Framework Incubator Group has been chartered through 01-December-2008 to "review and analyse the current state-of-the-art in vocabularies used in emergency management functions and to investigate the path forward via an emergency management systems information interoperability framework. These activities will lay the groundwork for a more comprehensive approach to ontology management and semantic information interoperability leading to a proposal for future longer-term W3C Working Group activity."
The EIIF Incubator Group's Initial Chairs are Renato Iannella (NICTA) and Chamindra de Silva (Lanka SoftwareFoundation/Virtusa). Initiating Members of the EIIF Incubator Group include National ICT Australia (NICTA) Ltd, Google, Swedish Institute of Computer Science (SICS), and IBM Corporation.
EDXL Distribution Element
The primary purpose of the EDXL Distribution Element is to facilitate the flexible routing of emergency message to recipients. The Distribution Element may be thought of as a message container as it provides the information to route various "payload" messages (such as Alerts, Resource Messages, or Cyclone Warnings), by including key routing information such as keywords, geography, incident types, and sender/recipient roles."
EDXL Resource Messaging
EDXL Resource Messaging (EDXL-RM) is part of the family of Emergency Data eXchange Language standards being developed by the OASIS Emergency Management Technical Committee. It aims to support cross-organisational exchange of resource-related messages, facilitating the development of open, flexible information systems for resource management in the emergency sector. It provides a set of message formats for purposes such as requesting, requisitioning, committing and releasing resources, as well as exchanging resource status information and offering unsolicited resources.
EDXL-RM 1.0 was released as a Committee Draft for public comment on 9 April 2007, and is expected to become an OASIS standard later in 2007.
OASIS Emergency Management Technical Committee. “Emergency Data Exchange Language Resource Messaging (EDXL-RM) 1.0”. Committee Draft 01, 20 February 2007.
New Standards Proposals
Tsunami Warning Markup Language (TWML) and Cyclone Warning Markup Language (CWML)
Tsunami and cyclone warnings are currently most commonly disseminated in textual formats that are not amenable to machine processing. To address this, SAFE Information researchers have been investigating the use of structured semantic data models for representing warnings, and have developed the Tsunami Warning Markup Language (TWML) and the Cyclone Warning Markup Language (CWML). The goal of these languages is to facilitate various kinds of automated processing, such as rapid dissemination to people in affected areas, aggregation of warning information, and interoperability with geospatial systems through the use of Geography Markup Language (GML) elements. The languages are also designed to be used in conjunction with OASIS standards such as the Emergency Data eXchange Language Distribution Element (EDXL-DE) and the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP).